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Introduction

  • Jobs are executed with JS7 Agents which handle termination of jobs.
    • Shell Jobs and JVM Jobs are under control of the Agent which terminates running jobs.
    • Jobs implementing use of an SSH Client or use of the JS7 - JITL SSHJob cannot guarantee that a job's child processes are terminated as they are controlled by the remote SSHD server.
  • Termination of jobs can be caused by users from the JOC Cockpit and can be performed automatically if jobs exceed a given timeout.
    • As a prerequisite for termination by the JOC Cockpit, the Controller has to be connected to the JOC Cockpit and the Agent has to be accessible to the Controller.
  • See  JS-1965 - Getting issue details... STATUS

Termination of Jobs

Jobs can be terminated in one of the following ways:

  • The job is configured with a timeout setting: if job execution exceeds the timeout then the job will be killed by the Agent.
  • Jobs can be killed using the GUI operation and by use of the JS7 - REST Web Service API:
    • The Cancel/Kill operation kills a running job and fails the order.
    • The Suspend/Kill operation kills a running job and suspends the order.
    • Failed and suspended orders can be resumed.

Terminating Jobs on Unix

In Unix environments, jobs receive the following signals from the Agent:

  • When a job is to be killed then the Agent first sends a SIGTERM signal.
    • This signal can be ignored or it can be handled by a job. For shell scripts a trap can be defined to, for example, perform cleanup tasks such as disconnecting from a database or removing temporary files.
  • The job configuration includes the Grace timeout setting:
    • The Grace Timeout duration is applied after a SIGTERM signal (corresponding to kill -15) has been sent by the Agent. This allows the job to terminate on its own, for example after some cleanup has been performed.
  • Should the job still be running after the specified Grace Timeout duration then the Agent will send a SIGKILL signal (corresponding to kill -9) that aborts the OS process.

The OS commands used by the Agent to send signals include:

  • Termination signals

    SignalCommand
    SIGTERM

    /bin/kill <pid>

    SIGKILL/bin/kill -KILL <pid>

Job scripts frequently spawn child processes that have to be killed in line with their parent process.

  • By default the OS removes child processes if the parent process is killed. However, this mechanism is not applicable for all situations, depending on the way child processes have been spawned.
  • In order to more reliably kill child processes the Agent uses the kill_task.sh script from its var_<port>/work directory.
    • This script identifies the process tree created by the job script and kills any available child processes.
    • Download: kill_task.sh
  • Though the Agent is platform independent it is evident that retrieval of a process tree does not necessarily use the same command (ps) and options for all Unixes.
    • The Agent therefore allows specification of an individual kill script from a command line option if the built-in kill_task.sh script is not applicable to your Unix platform, see JS7 - Agent Operation.

Use of Exit Traps

The Short Version

You can add the following two traps to your Shell Jobs:

Example for concise use of traps for script termination
#!/usr/bin/env bash

trap "wait && exit 143" TERM # 15+128
trap "rc=$? && wait && exit $?" EXIT

For explanations see the long version.

The Long Version

In a situation when a Shell Job script starts a background process and does not wait for termination of the child process but instead completes (with or without error), then the Agent cannot identify the running child process as its parent process has gone. It is therefore recommended that a trap is added to the shell script. This will be triggered on termination of the script - independently of whether the script terminates normally or with an error. This prevents the script from terminating immediately while child processes are running. Instead, in the event of forced termination, the script will continue due to its trap waiting for child processes and the Agent will execute the kill_task.sh script. This script identifies the Shell Job script process and kills the running child processes.

Download (upload .json): jduExitTrap.workflow.json

Example for talkative use of exit traps for script Termination
#!/usr/bin/env bash

JS7Trap()
{
    rc=$?
    # wait for completion of child processes or let kill_task.sh clean up child processes
    echo "($(date +%T.%3N)) $(basename $0): JS7Trap for signal $1: waiting for completion of child processes ..."
    wait
    echo "($(date +%T.%3N)) $(basename $0): JS7Trap for signal $1: leaving trap, exit code $rc"
    exit $rc
}

# define trap for script completion
trap 'JS7Trap EXIT' EXIT
trap 'JS7Trap TERM' TERM
trap 'JS7Trap INT' INT

# create three child processes
sleep 100 &
sleep 110 &
sleep 120 &

# this is what the script normally should do:
#   echo "waiting for completion of child processes"
#   wait

echo "script completed"

Explanation:

  • Line 3 - 11: implements the JS7Trap()function including the wait command. This either waits for termination of child processes or continues immediately.
    • The exit code returned from the trap in the event of script termination is reported by the task log and order log.
    • However, job execution will be considered to have failed regardless of the exit code value as the Cancel/Kill or Suspend/Kill operation has been performed.
  • Line 14-16: define traps calling the JS7Trap() function in the event of the following signals being received:
    • EXIT is a summary for a number of signals that terminate a script, however, this is available for the bash shell only.
    • TERM is the termination signal sent by the Agent if the Cancel/Kill or Suspend/Kill operation is invoked.
    • INT is added in case OS processes external to the JS7 Agent send this signal, which usually corresponds to hitting Ctrl+C in a terminal session.
  • Line 15-17: starts background processes.
  • Line 21 a script should normally wait for child processes. However, if this cannot be guaranteed, for example if set -e is used to abort a script in case of error, then the use of a trap is an appropriate measure.
  • The following sequence of actions is performed:
    • The job script listed above does not wait for child processes and therefore terminates triggering the EXIT pseudo-signal. The trap function is executed and waits for child processes to be completed. During this period the task process for the job remains alive.
    • If subsequently the Cancel/Kill or Suspend/Kill operation is invoked, then the Agent will send a SIGTERM signal which:
      • interrupts the wait command in the currently executed JS7Trap()function,
      • triggers execution of the JS7Trap()function once more and performs the wait operation for child processes.
    • Having applied the Grace Timeout the Agent executes the kill_task.sh script which sends a STOP signal to the task process, kills any child processes and finally sends a SIGKILL signal to abort the task process.
    • The crucial point is that the job script does not terminate with child processes running but remains active due to triggering of a trap which allows the Agent to kill any child processes from the process tree. If the task process for the job script terminates with child processes running then the Agent cannot identify the process tree and cannot kill child processes.

Automation of Exit Traps

JS7 provides an option for applying traps such as those described in the example above. These can be applied to a number of Shell Job scripts via JS7 - Script Includes.

  • The trap and the trap function are added to a Script Include like this:




  • The Script Include is embedded into any Shell Job scripts from a single line similar to a shebang:



Terminating Jobs on Windows

For Windows environments the following applies when terminating jobs:

  • The Agent uses the kill_task.cmd script which is available from its var_<port>/work directory.
    • The script uses the taskkill command to kill the job's process and its children.
    • Download: kill_task.cmd
  • An individual kill script can be specified with a command line option on Agent startup, see JS7 - Agent Operation.