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Introduction

  • Users can build their own Docker images for JOC Cockpit.
  • This article explains options how to create the JOC Cockpit image.

Build Environment

For the build environment the following directory hierarchy is assumed:

The root directory joc could have any name. The above build files are available for download. Consider that below build script by default will use the directory name and release number to determine the resulting image name.

Dockerfile

Docker images for JS7 JOC Cockpit provided by SOS make use of the following Dockerfile:

Dockerfile for JOC Cockpit Image
FROM openjdk:8-jre-alpine

LABEL maintainer="Software- und Organisations-Service GmbH"

# BUILD SETTINGS

# provide build arguments for release information
ARG JS_RELEASE
ARG JS_RELEASE_MAJOR

# default user id has to match later run-time user
ARG JS_USER_ID=${JS_USER_ID:-1001}
ARG JS_HTTP_PORT=${JS_HTTP_PORT:-4446}
ARG JS_HTTPS_PORT=${JS_HTTPS_PORT:-4443}
ARG JS_JAVA_OPTIONS=${JS_JAVA_OPTIONS}

# RUN-TIME SETTINGS

# JS7 JobScheduler ports and Java options
ENV RUN_JS_HTTP_PORT=${RUN_JS_HTTP_PORT:-$JS_HTTP_PORT}
ENV RUN_JS_HTTPS_PORT=${RUN_JS_HTTPS_PORT:-$JS_HTTPS_PORT}
ENV RUN_JS_JAVA_OPTIONS=${RUN_JS_JAVA_OPTIONS:-$JS_JAVA_OPTIONS}

# PREPARATION

# install process tools, net tools, bash
RUN apk update && apk add --no-cache \
    procps \
    net-tools \
    bash

# add installer tarball
# ADD https://download.sos-berlin.com/JobScheduler.${JS_RELEASE_MAJOR}/js7_joc_linux.${JS_RELEASE}.tar.gz /usr/local/src/
COPY js7_joc_linux.${JS_RELEASE}.tar.gz /usr/local/src/

# add keystore and truststore for private keys and certificates
COPY https-keystore.p12 /tmp
COPY https-truststore.p12 /tmp

# add keystore and truststore locations to configuration files
COPY start.ini.add /tmp/
COPY joc.properties.add /tmp/

# copy installer response file and start script
COPY joc_install.xml /tmp
COPY start-joc.sh /usr/local/bin/

# INSTALLATION

# extract installer tarball
# for JDK < 12, /dev/random does not provide sufficient entropy, see https://kb.sos-berlin.com/x/lIM3
# substitute build arguments in installer response file
# add jobscheduler user account and group
# run setup
# add keystore and truststore locations to configuration files
# enable https module
# add keystore and truststore for private keys and certificates
RUN test -e /usr/local/src/js7_joc_linux.${JS_RELEASE}.tar.gz && \
    tar zxvf /usr/local/src/js7_joc_linux.${JS_RELEASE}.tar.gz -C /usr/local/src/ && \
    rm -f /usr/local/src/js7_joc_linux.${JS_RELEASE}.tar.gz && \
    ln -s /usr/local/src/joc.${JS_RELEASE} /usr/local/src/joc && \
    mv /tmp/joc_install.xml /usr/local/src/joc/ && \
    sed -i 's/securerandom.source=file:\/dev\/random/securerandom.source=file:\/dev\/urandom/g' /usr/lib/jvm/java-1.8-openjdk/jre/lib/security/java.security && \
    sed -i "s/\s*<entry\s*key\s*=\"jettyPort\".*\/>/<entry key=\"jettyPort\" value=\"$JS_HTTP_PORT\"\/>/g" /usr/local/src/joc/joc_install.xml && \
    adduser -u ${JS_USER_ID:-1001} --disabled-password --home /home/jobscheduler --no-create-home --shell /bin/bash jobscheduler jobscheduler && \
    cd /usr/local/src/joc && ./setup.sh -u joc_install.xml && \
    cat /tmp/start.ini.add >> /var/sos-berlin.com/js7/joc/start.ini && \
    sed -i "s/\s*jetty.ssl.port\s*=.*/jetty.ssl.port=$JS_HTTPS_PORT/g" /var/sos-berlin.com/js7/joc/start.ini && \
    cat /tmp/joc.properties.add >> /var/sos-berlin.com/js7/joc/resources/joc/joc.properties && \
    java -jar "/opt/sos-berlin.com/js7/joc/jetty/start.jar" -Djetty.home="/opt/sos-berlin.com/js7/joc/jetty" -Djetty.base="/var/sos-berlin.com/js7/joc" --add-to-start=https && \
    mv /tmp/https-keystore.p12 /var/sos-berlin.com/js7/joc/resources/joc/ && \
    mv /tmp/https-truststore.p12 /var/sos-berlin.com/js7/joc/resources/joc/ && \
    chmod +x /usr/local/bin/start-joc.sh && \
    chown -R jobscheduler:jobscheduler /var/sos-berlin.com

# CONFIGURATION

# copy configuration
# COPY config/ /var/sos-berlin.com/js7/joc/resources/

# CODA

# run-time user, can be overwritten when running the container
USER jobscheduler

CMD ["sh","-c","/usr/local/bin/start-joc.sh --http-port=$RUN_JS_HTTP_PORT --https-port=$RUN_JS_HTTPS_PORT --java-options=\"$RUN_JS_JAVA_OPTIONS\""]

Explanations:

  • Line 1: The base image is OpenJDK Java 1.8 (Alpine based). You can run JOC Cockpit with newer Java releases, however, stick to Oracle, OpenJDK or AdoptOpenJDK as the source for your Java base image. Alternatively you can use your own base image and install Java 1.8 on top of this. Consider that availability of JDBC Drivers can limit the Java version to be used.
  • Line 8 - 9: The release identification is injected by build arguments. This information is used to determine the tarball to be downloaded.
  • Line 12 - 15: Defaults for the user id running the JOC Cockpit inside the container as well as HTTP and HTTPS ports are provided. These values can be overwritten by providing the respective build arguments.
  • Line 20 - 22: Environment variables are provided at run-time, not at build-time. They can be used to specify ports and Java options when running the container.
  • Line 27 - 30: The image OS is updated and additional packages are installed (ps, netstat, bash).
  • Line 33 - 34: You can either download the JOC Cockpit tarball directly from the SOS web site or you store the tarball with the build directory and copy from this location.
  • Line 37 - 38: The default keystore and truststore files are copied that would hold the private key and certificate required for server authentication with HTTPS. By default empty keystore and truststore files are used that you would later on add your private keys and certificates to.
  • Line 45: the joc_install.xml response file is copied to the image. This file includes settings for headless installation of JOC Cockpit, see JS7 - JOC Cockpit Installation On Premises. In fact when building the image a JOC Cockpit installation is performed.

    JOC Cockpit Installer Response File
    <?xml version="1.0" encoding="UTF-8" standalone="no"?>
    <!--
         XML configuration file for JOC
    
    If you call the installer with this XML file then
    you accept at the same time the terms of the
    licence agreement under GNU GPL 2.0 License
    (see http://www.gnu.org/licenses/gpl-2.0.html)
    -->
    <AutomatedInstallation langpack="eng">
        <com.izforge.izpack.panels.UserInputPanel id="home">
            <userInput/>
        </com.izforge.izpack.panels.UserInputPanel>
        <com.izforge.izpack.panels.HTMLLicencePanel id="gpl_licence"/>
        <com.izforge.izpack.panels.TargetPanel id="target">
    
            <!-- SELECT THE INSTALLATION PATH
                              It must be absolute!
                 For example:
                 /opt/sos-berlin.com/joc on Linux
                 C:\Program Files\sos-berlin.com\joc on Windows -->
            <installpath>/opt/sos-berlin.com/js7/joc</installpath>
    
        </com.izforge.izpack.panels.TargetPanel>
        <com.izforge.izpack.panels.UserInputPanel id="jetty">
            <userInput>
    
                <!-- JOC requires a servlet container such as Jetty.
                                      If a servlet container already installed then you can use it.
                     Otherwise a Jetty will be installed in addition if withJettyInstall=yes.
                     You need root permissions to install JOC with Jetty. -->
                <entry key="withJettyInstall" value="yes"/>
                <entry key="jettyPort" value="4446"/>
                <!-- Specify the name of the Windows service or Linux Daemon (default: joc).
                                      Only necessary for multiple instances of JOC on one server. It must be
                     unique per server. This entry is deactivated by a comment because it
                     MUST NOT BE CHANGED DURING OVER-INSTALLATION! -->
                <!--
                                 <entry key="jettyServiceName" value="joc"/>
                -->
                <!-- Only necessary for Windows -->
                <entry key="jettyStopPort" value="44446"/>
                <!-- Only necessary for Unix (root permissions required) -->
                <entry key="withJocInstallAsDaemon" value="yes"/>
                <!-- To enter a JOC User (default=current User).
                                      For Unix only (root permissions required)!!! -->
                <entry key="runningUser" value="jobscheduler"/>
                <!-- Path to Jetty base directory
                                      For example:
                     /home/[user]/sos-berlin.com/joc on Linux
                     C:\ProgramData\sos-berlin.com\joc on Windows -->
                <entry key="jettyBaseDir" value="/var/sos-berlin.com/js7/joc"/>
    
                <!-- Choose (yes or no) wether the JOC's Jetty should be (re)started at the end of the installation -->
                <entry key="launchJetty" value="no"/>
    
                <!-- Java options for Jetty. -->
                <!-- Initial memory pool (-Xms) in MB -->
                <entry key="jettyOptionXms" value="128"/>
                <!-- Maximum memory pool (-Xmx) in MB -->
                <entry key="jettyOptionXmx" value="512"/>
                <!-- Thread stack size (-Xss) in KB -->
                <entry key="jettyOptionXss" value="4000"/>
                <!-- Further Java options -->
                <entry key="jettyOptions" value=""/>
    
            </userInput>
        </com.izforge.izpack.panels.UserInputPanel>
        <com.izforge.izpack.panels.UserInputPanel id="joc">
            <userInput>
    
                <!-- JOC can be installed in a cluster. Please type a unique title to identify the cluster node,
                     e.g. hostname. Max. length is 30 characters -->
                <entry key="jocTitle" value="PRIMARY JOC COCKPIT"/>
    
                <!-- Choose yes if JOC is a standby node in a cluster -->
                <entry key="isStandby" value="no"/>
    
                <!-- Security Level for the signing mechanism: possibly values are 'LOW', 'MEDIUM' and 'HIGH'
                     HIGH:
                        public PGP keys are stored for verification only
                        all signing will be done externally outside of JOC Cockpit
                     MEDIUM:
                        a private PGP key will be stored for signing
                        signing will be done automatically with the provided key
                     LOW:
                        no keys will be stored
                        signing will be done internally with default keys -->
                <entry key="securityLevel" value="LOW"/>
    
            </userInput>
        </com.izforge.izpack.panels.UserInputPanel>
        <com.izforge.izpack.panels.UserInputPanel id="database">
            <userInput>
                <!-- Reporting Database Configuration -->
    
                <!-- Database connection settings can be specified with following entries such as
                                      databaseHost, databasePort, ... or by a hibernate configuration file
                     Posible values are 'withoutHibernateFile' (default) and 'withHibernateFile'. -->
                <entry key="databaseConfigurationMethod" value="withoutHibernateFile"/>
    
                <!-- Choose the database management system. Supported values are 'mysql' for MySQL,
                                      'oracle' for Oracle, 'mssql' for MS SQL Server, 'pgsql' for PostgreSQL.
    
                     Only if databaseConfigurationMethod=withoutHibernateFile -->
                <entry key="databaseDbms" value="mysql"/>
    
                <!-- Path to a hibernate configuration file if databaseConfigurationMethod=withHibernateFile -->
                <entry key="hibernateConfFile" value=""/>
    
               <!-- You can choose between 'on' or 'off' to create the database tables.
                     If you have modified the initial data of an already existing installation,
                     then the modifications will be undone. Data added remains unchanged.
                     This entry should be only 'off', when you sure, that all tables are already created. -->
                <entry key="databaseCreateTables" value="off"/>
    
            </userInput>
        </com.izforge.izpack.panels.UserInputPanel>
        <com.izforge.izpack.panels.UserInputPanel id="dbconnection">
            <userInput>
                <!-- Database Configuration if databaseConfigurationMethod=withoutHibernateFile -->
    
                <!-- Enter the name or ip address of the database host
                                      This entry can also be used to configure the URL(s) for Oracle RAC databases.
                     For example:
                     <entry key="databaseHost" value="(DESCRIPTION=(ADDRESS_LIST=(LOAD_BALANCE=OFF)(FAILOVER=ON)
                        (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=tst-db1.myco.com)(PORT=1604))
                        (ADDRESS=(PROTOCOL=TCP)(HOST=tst-db2.myco.com)(PORT=1604)))
                        (CONNECT_DATA=(SERVICE_NAME=mydb1.myco.com)(SERVER=DEDICATED)))"/>
                     The "databaseSchema" and "databasePort" entries should then be left empty. -->
                <entry key="databaseHost" value=""/>
    
                <!-- Enter the port number for the database instance. Default ports are for MySQL 3306,
                                      Oracle 1521, MS SQL Server 1433, postgreSQL 5432. -->
                <entry key="databasePort" value=""/>
    
                <!-- Enter the schema -->
                <entry key="databaseSchema" value=""/>
    
                <!-- Enter the user name for database access -->
                <entry key="databaseUser" value=""/>
    
                <!-- Enter the password for database access -->
                <entry key="databasePassword" value=""/>
    
            </userInput>
        </com.izforge.izpack.panels.UserInputPanel>
        <com.izforge.izpack.panels.UserInputPanel id="jdbc">
            <userInput>
                <!-- Database Configuration -->
    
                <!-- You can specify an external JDBC connector then set internalConnector = no
                                      For license reasons MySQL, MS SQL Server and Oracle ojdbc7 JDBC
                     drivers are not provided.
                     Alternatively you can use the mariadb JDBC Driver for MySQL and
                     the jTDS JDBC Driver for MS SQL Server which is provided.
                     An Oracle ojdbc6 JDBC driver is also provided. -->
    
                <!-- You can choose between 'yes' or 'no' for using the internal JDBC connector
                                      or not -->
    
                <entry key="internalConnector" value="yes"/>
    
                <!-- Select the path to JDBC Driver -->
                <entry key="connector" value=""/>
    
            </userInput>
        </com.izforge.izpack.panels.UserInputPanel>
        <com.izforge.izpack.panels.UserInputPanel id="end">
            <userInput/>
        </com.izforge.izpack.panels.UserInputPanel>
        <com.izforge.izpack.panels.InstallPanel id="install"/>
        <com.izforge.izpack.panels.ProcessPanel id="process"/>
        <com.izforge.izpack.panels.FinishPanel id="finish"/>
    </AutomatedInstallation>
  • Line 46: The start-joc.sh script is copied from the build directory to the image. Users can apply their own version of the start script. The start script used by SOS looks like this:

    JOC Cockpit Start Script
    #!/bin/sh
    
    js_http_port=""
    js_https_port=""
    js_java_options=""
    
    for option in "$@"
    do
      case "$option" in
             --http-port=*)    js_http_port=`echo "$option" | sed 's/--http-port=//'`
                               ;;
             --https-port=*)   js_https_port=`echo "$option" | sed 's/--https-port=//'`
                               ;;
             --java-options=*) js_java_options=`echo "$option" | sed 's/--java-options=//'`
                               ;;
             *)                echo "unknown argument: $option"
                               exit 1
                               ;;
      esac
    done
    
    
    js_args=""
    
    if [ ! "$js_http_port" = "" ]
    then
      # enable http access
      sed -i "s/.*--module=http$/--module=http/g" /var/sos-berlin.com/js7/joc/start.ini
      # set port for http access
      sed -i "s/.*jetty.http.port\s*=.*/jetty.http.port=$js_http_port/g" /var/sos-berlin.com/js7/joc/start.ini
    else
      # disable http access
      sed -i "s/\s*--module=http$/# --module=http/g" /var/sos-berlin.com/js7/joc/start.ini
    fi
    
    if [ ! "$js_https_port" = "" ]
    then
      # enable https access
      sed -i "s/.*--module=https$/--module=https/g" /var/sos-berlin.com/js7/joc/start.ini
      # set port for https access
      sed -i "s/\s*jetty.ssl.port\s*=.*/jetty.ssl.port=$js_https_port/g" /var/sos-berlin.com/js7/joc/start.ini
    else
      # disable https access
      sed -i "s/\s*--module=https$/# --module=https/g" /var/sos-berlin.com/js7/joc/start.ini
    fi
    
    if [ ! -z "$js_java_options" ]
    then
      export JAVA_OPTIONS="${JAVA_OPTIONS} $js_java_options"
    fi
    
    echo "starting JOC Cockpit: /opt/sos-berlin.com/js7/joc/jetty/bin/jetty.sh start"
    /opt/sos-berlin.com/js7/joc/jetty/bin/jetty.sh start && tail -f /dev/null
  • Line 63: Java releases < Java 12 make use of /dev/random for random number generation. This is a bottleneck as random number generation with this file is blocking. Instead /dev/urandom should be used that implements non-blocking behavior. The change of the random file is applied to the Java security file.
  • Line 65: The user account jobscheduler is created and is assigned the user id and group id handed over by the respective build arguments. This translates to the fact that the account running the JOC Cockpit inside the container and the account that starts the container are assigned the same user id and group id. This allows the account running the container to access any files created by the JOC Cockpit in mounted volumes with identical permissions.
  • Line 66: The JOC Cockpit setup is performed.
  • Line 67 - 69: The keystore and truststore locations are added to the Jetty start.ini file and joc.properties file respectively. 
    • start.ini.add is used for access e.g. by client browsers:

      Jetty HTTPS Configuration File start.ini.add
      ## Keystore file path (relative to $jetty.base)
      jetty.sslContext.keyStorePath=resources/joc/https-keystore.p12
      
      ## Truststore file path (relative to $jetty.base)
      jetty.sslContext.
      trustStorePath=resources/joc/https-truststore.p12
      
      ## Keystore password
      jetty.sslContext.keyStorePassword=jobscheduler
      
      ## KeyManager password (same as keystore password for pkcs12 keystore type)
      jetty.sslContext.keyManagerPassword=jobscheduler
      
      ## Truststore password
      jetty.sslContext.trustStorePassword=jobscheduler
      
      ## Connector port to listen on
      jetty.ssl.port=4443
    • joc.properties.add is used for connections to the Controller should such connections require HTTPS mutual authentication:

      JOC Cockpit configuration File joc.properties.add
      ################################################################################
      ### Location, type and password of the Java truststore which contains the
      ### certificates of eachJobScheduler Controller for HTTPS connections. Path can be
      ### absolute or relative to this file.
      
      keystore_path = ../../resources/joc/https-keystore.p12
      keystore_type = PKCS12
      keystore_password = jobscheduler
      key_password = jobscheduler
      
      truststore_path = ../../resources/joc/https-truststore.p12
      truststore_type = PKCS12
      truststore_password = jobscheduler
      
      
  • Line 70: The Jetty servlet container is added the HTTPS module for use with JOC Cockpit.
  • Line 79: if a config folder is available in the build directory then its contents is copied to the respective config folder in the image. This can be useful to create an image with individual settings in configuration files, see JS7 - JOC Cockpit Configuration Items.
  • Line 86: The start script is executed and is dynamically parameterized from environment variables that are forwarded when starting the container.

Build Script

The build script offers a number of options to parameterize the Dockerfile:

Build Script for JOC Cockpit Image
#!/bin/sh

set -e

SCRIPT_HOME=$(dirname "$0")
SCRIPT_HOME="`cd "${SCRIPT_HOME}" >/dev/null && pwd`"
SCRIPT_FOLDER="`basename $(dirname "$SCRIPT_HOME")`"


# ----- modify default settings -----

JS_RELEASE="2.0.0-SNAPSHOT"
JS_REPOSITORY="sosberlin/js7"
JS_IMAGE="$(basename "${SCRIPT_HOME}")-${JS_RELEASE//\./-}"

JS_USER_ID="$UID"

JS_HTTP_PORT="4446"
JS_HTTPS_PORT=

JS_JAVA_OPTIONS="-Xmx128m"
JS_BUILD_ARGS=

# ----- modify default settings -----


for option in "$@"
do
  case "$option" in
         --release=*)      JS_RELEASE=`echo "$option" | sed 's/--release=//'`
                           ;;
         --repository=*)   JS_REPOSITORY=`echo "$option" | sed 's/--repository=//'`
                           ;;
         --image=*)        JS_IMAGE=`echo "$option" | sed 's/--image=//'`
                           ;;
         --user-id=*)      JS_USER_ID=`echo "$option" | sed 's/--user-id=//'`
                           ;;
         --http-port=*)    JS_HTTP_PORT=`echo "$option" | sed 's/--http-port=//'`
                           ;;
         --https-port=*)   JS_HTTPS_PORT=`echo "$option" | sed 's/--https-port=//'`
                           ;;
         --java-options=*) JS_JAVA_OPTIONS=`echo "$option" | sed 's/--java-options=//'`
                           ;;
         --build-args=*)   JS_BUILD_ARGS=`echo "$option" | sed 's/--build-args=//'`
                           ;;
         *)                echo "unknown argument: $option"
                           exit 1
                           ;;
  esac
done

set -x

docker build --no-cache --rm \
      --tag=$JS_REPOSITORY:$JS_IMAGE \
      --file=$SCRIPT_HOME/build/Dockerfile \
      --build-arg="JS_RELEASE=$JS_RELEASE" \
      --build-arg="JS_RELEASE_MAJOR=$(echo $JS_RELEASE | cut -d . -f 1,2)" \
      --build-arg="JS_USER_ID=$JS_USER_ID" \
      --build-arg="JS_HTTP_PORT=$JS_HTTP_PORT" \
      --build-arg="JS_HTTPS_PORT=$JS_HTTPS_PORT" \
      --build-arg="JS_JAVA_OPTIONS=$JS_JAVA_OPTIONS" \
      $JS_BUILD_ARGS $SCRIPT_HOME/build

set +x

Explanations:

  • Line 12 - 22: Default values are specified that are used if no command line arguments are provided. This includes values for
    • the release number: adjust this value to a current release of JS7.
    • the repository which by default is sosberlin:js7.
    • the image name is determined from the current folder name and the release number.
    • the user id is by default the user id of the user running the build script.
    • the HTTP port and HTTPS port: if the respective port is not specified then the JOC Cockpit will not listen to a port for the respective protocol. You can for example disable the HTTP protocol by specifying an empty value. The default ports should be fine as they are mapped by the run script to outside ports on the Docker host. However, you can modify ports as you like.
    • Java options: typically you would specify default values e.g. for Java memory consumption. The Java options can be overwritten by the run script when starting the container, however, you might want to create your own image with adjusted default values.
  • Line 27 - 50: The above options can be overwritten by command line arguments like this:


    Running the Build Script with Arguments
    ./build.sh --http-port=14445 --https-port=14443 --java-options="-Xmx1G"
  • Line 54 - 63: The effective docker build command is executed with arguments. The Dockerfile is assumed to be located with the build sub-directory of the current directory.



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